A Glossary Of Common Canadian Immigration Terminology
Navigating the Canadian immigration process can be complex, especially when faced with unfamiliar terminology. At Sosaan Immigration, a Regulated Canadian Immigration Consultant based in Toronto, Ontario, we understand the importance of being well-versed in the language of immigration. In this blog, we present a comprehensive glossary of common Canadian immigration terminology to help our clients gain a better understanding of the process. From biometric instruction letters to inadmissibility, we’ve got you covered.
Biometric Instruction Letter
When applying for Canadian immigration, you may receive a biometric instruction letter from Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). This letter, sent via mail or through your online account, contains bar codes that must be scanned by a visa application centre (VAC) or application support centre (ASC) when you provide your biometrics. Remember to bring a paper copy of this letter with you.
Canadian Experience Class
The Canadian Experience Class (CEC) is an immigration category that allows foreign workers or recently graduated international students working in Canada to apply for permanent residence. This program recognizes the value of individuals with Canadian work experience and contributes to their integration into Canadian society.
Canadian Language Benchmarks (CLB)
Canadian Language Benchmarks (CLB) is the standardized system used to measure and recognize English language ability for prospective immigrants planning to live, work, or apply for citizenship in Canada. CLB assessments evaluate language skills based on four components listening, speaking, reading, and writing.
Case Processing Centre (CPC)
The Case Processing Centre (CPC) is an office located in various cities across Canada, including Sydney, Nova Scotia; Mississauga, Ontario; Edmonton, Alberta; and Ottawa, Ontario. CPCs handle citizenship and immigration applications but are not open to the public. These centers play a crucial role in processing applications efficiently and ensuring timely decision-making.
Centralized Intake Office
The Centralized Intake Office, situated in Sydney, Nova Scotia, is responsible for handling applications from several permanent immigration programs. This office oversees programs such as federal skilled workers and immigrant investors. Once your application is deemed complete, it will be forwarded to the visa office responsible for processing applications from your home country.
Certification of Nomination
Under the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP), a foreign national may receive a Certification of Nomination from a province or territory. This certificate recommends the individual for permanent residence in Canada based on their skills and contribution to the province or territory’s economy.
Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS)
The Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) is a points-based system used to assess and score candidates in the Express Entry pool. The CRS evaluates various factors such as skills, work experience, language ability, education, and other criteria. Candidates with higher CRS scores have better chances of receiving an Invitation to Apply (ITA) for permanent residence.
Express Entry is an electronic system designed to manage applications for the Federal Skilled Worker Program, Federal Skilled Trades Program, Canadian Experience Class, and a portion of the Provincial Nominee Program. This streamlined process allows qualified individuals to express their interest in immigrating to Canada and potentially receiving an ITA.
Federal Skilled Worker
The Federal Skilled Worker program selects immigrants as permanent residents based on their education, work experience, language proficiency, and other criteria that indicate their potential for success in the Canadian labor market. Spouses and children can be included in the application. Quebec has its own skilled worker program known as the Quebec Skilled Worker Class (QSW).
Federal Skilled Trades
The Federal Skilled Trades program caters to skilled workers who aim to become permanent residents based on their qualifications in a skilled trade. This program recognizes the valuable contributions made by skilled tradespeople to the Canadian economy. Additionally, the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) facilitates the entry of foreign business people into Canada, benefiting professionals, business visitors, and intra-company transferees.
Immigration Officers are responsible for determining who can enter and stay in Canada. They work at Ports of Entry, such as airports and land border crossings, as well as offices located throughout Canada. Immigration Officers may verify documents, interview applicants, and ensure compliance with immigration laws.
Immigration status refers to a non-citizen’s position or classification in a country, such as permanent resident, temporary resident, or visitor. Understanding your immigration status is crucial, as it determines your rights and privileges within Canada.
Inadmissibility refers to the situation when an individual is not permitted to enter or stay in Canada. Several factors can contribute to inadmissibility, including security concerns, criminal offenses, human rights violations, health or financial reasons, and non-compliance with immigration laws.
International Mobility Program
The International Mobility Program allows Canadian employers to hire or bring in foreign workers without the need for a Labor Market Impact Assessment (LMIA). This program benefits various individuals, including international students who graduated from Canadian schools, individuals under free trade agreements, participants in International Experience Canada, certain permanent resident applicants, and spouses of highly-skilled foreign workers.
Navigating the Canadian immigration process requires a solid understanding of the associated terminology. However, you need not worry. At Sosaan Immigration, we are dedicated to providing comprehensive immigration services, ensuring our clients are well-informed and prepared to embark on their Canadian immigration journey.